Dashain in Nepal
Dashain, which is also known as “Vijaya Dashami” is one of the most important Hindu festival. It is celebrated all over the places of Nepal delightfully. Generally, it falls on the month of September and October and celebrates for 15 days. It starts from bright lunar fortnight (Shukla Paksha) and ends on the day of full moon (Poornima) according to Nepalese annual calendar. Hindus most prominent celebration, Dashain respects an incredible triumph of the divine beings over the insidious evil presences. The symbol of power, Goddess Durga is worshiped during this festival.
One of the triumph stories as per the Hindu myths uncovers that a devil named ‘Mahisasur’ who spread awfulness was executed by Goddess Durga. What’s more, the initial multi day of Dashain speaks to the consistent fight among bad habit and righteousness. Also, the tenth day means the triumph of good over wickedness. Another Hindu legend ‘Ramayana’ unveils that Dashain symbolizing as the triumph of Ram (bad habit) over Ravan (ideals) with the gifts of Goddess Durga.
During the ten maindays of the celebration, the most significant are the first, seventh, eighth, ninth and the tenth days. The initial nine days are called Navaratri (nava: nine and ratri: night). The eighth day is Maha Asthami, an awful time for a great many buffalos, goats, ducks and pigeons, who fall victim to the knife. This night is known as Kal Ratri (dark night). Finally the tenth day is the most significant day, and wherever Shakti is adored in the entirety of her indications.
According to the Nepali Calender dashain dates are listed below in Nepali as well as in English.
|Days of Dashain||English Date||Nepali Date|
|Ghatasthapana||Sept 29||Ashwin 12|
|Fulpati||Oct 5||Ashwin 18|
|Maha Astami||Oct 6||Ashwin 19|
|Maha Nawami||Oct 7||Ashwin 20|
|Vijaya Dashami||Oct 8||Ashwin 21|
|Kojagrata Purnima||Oct 13||Ashwin 25|
FIRST DAY OF DASHAIN (Ghatasthapana)
The first day of Dashain is known as Ghatasthapana. On this day, people fill a vessel with sand and sow maize and barley seeds. Then it is covered and worshiped for 10 days. After that elder family member begins the puja by requesting that Durga favor the vessel with her quality. The goddess is then accepted to dwell in the vessel during the nine days, or navratri. The kalash is avoided direct daylight, and heavenly water is included each day. So that by the tenth day of the celebration, the seeds will have developed to frame yellow shoots up to 15 centimeters in length. We called “Jamara” for that sacred grass.
SEVENTH DAY OF DASHAIN (Fulpati)
On the seventh day, Phulpati is celebrated which is also known as ‘Saptami’. Phulpati was generally when the kalash, banana stalks, jamara and sugarcane tied with red clothes. They were brought by Brahmins from Gorkha, a three-day walk (around 170 kilometers) from Kathmandu. Many government authorities would then assemble in the Tundikhel grounds in formal dress to observe the occasion. The king used to go to the service here, while the Phulpati march went to the Hanuman Dhoka Royal Palace, where there would be a showcase by the Nepal Army and the celebratory discharging of weapons regarding Phulpati. In any case, since 2008 when the regal family remained down, this 200-year old convention was changed with the goal that the blessed offering of Phulpati goes to the living arrangement of the President.
EIGTH DAY OF DASHAIN (Maha Astami)
The eight day is regarded as Maha Aastami. On this day, animals like buffaloes, ducks, goats, hens are sacrificed to Goddess Kali. Then the meat is taken as ‘Prasad’ (holy food). It is offered in tiny leaf plates to the household gods before it is shared among the family. Eating this food is thought to be auspicious. The night of this day is called the dark night- ‘Kal Ratri’.
NINETH DAY OF DASHAIN (Maha Nawami)
Maha Navami is the last day of Navaratri. On this day, craftsman, mechanics, traders etc worship their equipment and tools by sacrificing different animals and offering it to equipment. It is believed that worshipping vehicles on this day helps avoid accidents in the coming year. This is the only day of the year that the gates of the Taleju Temple are opened to the public, and thousands of devotees go and pay respect to the goddess throughout the day.
TENTH DAY OF DASHAIN ( Vijaya Dashami )
The tenth day is named as Vijaya Dashami which is the most important day of this festival. On the tenth day, younger ones in a family receive Tika (a mixture of yogurt, rice and vermilion), Jamara (planted on the first day of Dashain) and blessings from elders as well as respected people. The red tika symbolizes the blood that ties the family together. Seniors give “Dakshina”, or a modest quantity of cash, to more youthful relatives alongside the endowments.
FIFTEENTH DAY OF DASHAIN (Kojagrata Purnima)
Kojagrata Purnima is last day of the festival, and falls on the full moon. It is when the Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshiped. She is believed to descend to earth and shower whoever is awake all night with wealth and prosperity.
This celebration is in reality the function of gathering and fun. Individuals living far away from home or country, return to their home and get together with their families. Additionally, guardians purchase new garments to their youngsters. Individuals appreciate eating mouth-watering nourishments and playing a ton of games including cards. Individuals welcome visitors, sort out dining experience, visit their relatives’ homes, fly kites, manufacture bamboo swings and engage in different engaging exercises.
A fortnight after Dashain is Tihar, another significant celebration which is commended in various ways by all the different Hindu gatherings. Tihar means the celebration of lights where diyas are lit both inside and outside houses to enlighten them around evening time. The five-day celebration shows respect to the people and the divine beings, yet in addition to creatures like crows, cows and dogs. Individuals make designs on the floor of their family rooms or yards utilizing shaded rice, dry flour, hued sand or blossom petals and this ‘Rangoli’ is a sacrosanct welcome for the Hindu gods.