National Parks in Nepal
Nepal fills in as a standout amongst the best accumulation of natural life on the planet – From extraordinary Lophophorus to the slippery Royal Bengali Tiger, and from the jeopardized One-Horned Rhino to intriguing Snow panther. These are just few to make reference to as it additionally has the biggest accumulation of birds and butterflies on the planet. Botanists recorded 1,120 types of non-blooming plants and 5,160 types of blossoming plants. Nepal positions tenth as far as most extravagant blooming plant assorted variety in Asia. Zoologists recorded 181 warm blooded animal species, 844 flying creature species, 100 reptile species, 43 land and water proficient species, 185 freshwater fish species, and 635 butterfly species.
There are 12 National Parks in Nepal for conservation, development and protection of wildlife and vegetation.
CHITWAN NATIONAL PARK
Chitwan National Park is the oldest National park of Nepal which was established in 1973 and covers the area of 952.63 km2 area. In 1984, it was enlisted in the world heritage site. It lies in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands.
Chitwan National Park, famous for one-horn rhino and bengal tiger, has 700 varieties of wildlife. These consists 543 species of birds, 68 species of mammals and 17 species of snakes, starred tortoise and monitor lizards. The vegetation of the park comprises of rosewood, beleric, elephant apple, etc following by the world tallest grass species.
SAGARMATHA NATIONAL PARK
Sagarmatha National Park was built up in 1976 and it the primary national park of Nepal which was as the World Heritage Site in 1979. The recreation center covers the region of 1,148 km2 and is commanded by the tallest heap of the world, Mount Everest. It is likewise contiguous the Makalu Barun National Park in the east side.
The vegetation of the recreation center incorporates rhododendron, juniper, firs, bamboo, blue pines, linches, and greeneries. Musk deer, snow panther, Himalayan mountain bear, red panda, martens, Himalayan wolves, Himalayan thars are a portion of the untamed life of the recreation center. Likewise, there are 118 types of winged animals in the recreation center.
LANGTANG NATIONAL PARK
Langtang National Park was set up in the year 1976 as the main Himalayan national park. It is one of the mainstream national parks of Nepal, as the Gosaikunda lake is inside the recreation center. The lake is an exceptionally well known vacationer site of Nepal. The recreation center has 14 vegetation sorts in 18 eco framework types. Oak, chir pine, hemlock, maple fir are a portion of the vegetation of the recreation center. The recreation center is likewise well known for musk deer and red panda.
RARA NATIONAL PARK
Rara National Park was built up in 1976, and it is the littlest national park in Nepal. The recreation center covers the territory of 106 km2 and its fundamental fascination is the Rara Lake. The recreation center was set up with the point of securing the remarkable verdure of the Humla-Jumla locale. The vegetation of the recreation center is portrayed by rhododendron, fir, blue pine, spruce, dark juniper, Himalayan cypress, darker buddy, and others. Altogether there are 1,070 types of vegetation. There are 241 species, 51 types of warm blooded creatures, three types of fish and two types of reptiles and creatures of land and water in the recreation center.
KHAPTAD NATIONAL PARK
Khaptad National Park was built up in 1984,and it covers the territory of 225 km2. The recreation center reaches from the height of 1,400 meters to 3,300 meters and its scene comprise of moorland, soak slopes,and streams. There are 567 types of verdure including chir pine, rhododendron, oak, Himalayan fir, hemlock, etc. The recreation center is possessed by a panther, wild pooch, musk deer, Himalayan mountain bear, and other untamed life. Altogether there are 23 well evolved creatures, 287 types of winged creatures and 23 creatures of land and water and reptiles.
SHEY PHUKSUNDO NATIONAL PARK
Covering the zone of 3,555 km2, Shey Phuksundo National Park is the biggest national park of Nepal. It is additionally the main trans-Himalayan national park of Nepal. Shey Phuksundo Lake of this park is one of its principle fascination. Salix, juniper, rhododendron, hemlock, cedar, poplar, bamboo, spruce are a portion of the vegetation of the recreation center. There are 286 types of plant with ethno plant significance. A portion of the imperiled creatures like snow panther, dark wolf, blue sheep,and musk deer are the occupants of the recreation center. There are more than 200 types of winged creatures, 29 types of butterfly including the most noteworthy flying butterfly on the planet, Paralasanepalaica and six types of reptiles.
BARDIA NATIONAL PARK
Bardia National Park was set up in 1988 as Royal Bardia National park. In 1988, the recreation center was pronounced as a National Park. The recreation center covers the region of 968 km2 and it is additionally the biggest and most undistributed national park of Terai locale of Nepal.
Together with Banke National Park, it speaks to the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Bardia-Banka. There are 53 types of warm blooded creatures including wild elephant, Bengal tiger, rhinoceros, and marsh deer. There are additionally 23 types of reptile and land and water proficient including mugger crocodiles. The vegetation of the recreation center is the parity blend of fields, savannah,and riverine backwoods. Altogether there are 839 types of vegetation.
MAKALU BARUN NATIONAL PARK
Makalu Barun National Park was set up in 1992, and it covers the region of 1,500 km2. It is the main ensured on the planet with a height addition of in excess of 8,000 meters encasing tropical backwoods just as snow-topped pinnacles. The recreation center covers a few mountains including the fifth tallest heap of the world, Mount Makalu (8,463 meters).
The vegetation of the recreation center includes juniper, predominate rhododendron, rhododendron, sweet-smelling herbs,and others. There are 3,128 types of blossoming plants in the recreation center. Red panda, red fox, mountain bear, wild pig, Himalayan wolf, brilliant wolf, snow panther, musk deer are a portion of the untamed life of the recreation center. According to the recorded information, there are 88 types of well evolved creatures, 315 types of butterflies, 43 types of reptiles, 16 types of creatures of land and water, 440 types of winged animals and 78 types of fish.
SHIVAPURI NAGARJUN NATIONAL PARK
Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park was set up in 2002,and it is named after the Shivapuri Peal (2,732 meters). The recreation center covers the territory of 159 km2 and is situated in the mid-slopes of northern edge of the Kathmandu valley.
The vegetation of park includes chir pine, oak, rhododendron, wild Himalayan cherry, ring-measured oak, and others. There are additionally numerous assortments of plants which has restorative employments. Generally there are 2,122 types of vegetation and 129 types of mushrooms. Blurred panther, panther feline, wilderness feline, brilliant coat, wild hog, Himalayan goral are a portion of the natural life of the recreation center. Additionally, there are 318 types of flying creatures.
BANKE NATIONAL PARK
Built up in 2010, Banke National Park is in the mid-western locale of Nepal. The recreation center covers the complete territory of 550 km2. The recreation center is likewise neighbor to Bardiya National Park, and together they speak to the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Bardia-Banke.
Banke National Park is home to natural life including tiger, four-horned antelope,and bronzed mongoose. The vegetation of the recreation center has 113 types of trees, 107 types of home grown and 85 bush and climber species.
SUKLAPHAMTA NATIONAL PARK
Suklaphanta National Park was built up as Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife hold in 1976 and in 2017 it was gazetted as Suklaphanta National Park. The recreation center covers the zone of 305 km2 of open prairie, woods, riverbeds, and tropical wetlands. There are around 700 types of verdure in the recreation center. Likewise, there are 423 types of feathered creatures, 46 types of warm blooded creatures, 28 types of fish and 12 reptile and land and water proficient species. Bengal tiger, swamp deer, Indian panther, elephant, extraordinary one-horned rhino are a portion of the natural life of the recreation center.
PARSA NATIONAL PARK
Parsa National Park was set up as an untamed life hold in 1984, however in 2017, it was announced a national park of Nepal. The recreation center covers the zone of 128 km2 and is adjoining Chitwan National Park in the west. The vegetation of the recreation center incorporates sissoo, silk cotton trees, chir pine, khair and sabai grass. Bengal tigers and gaurs are the well known untamed life of this park.
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